When I was nine, we moved next door to a church. It was a new city as well, so I attended with the idea of expanding on my religion and making new friends. It went well. I attended the church for more than five years and even became part of the choir. It was the few years after that would cause me to question my faith. There were many reasons that I started to question my faith.
When I was in middle school, I experienced a lot of challenging times. I lost my stepmother to cancer and my grandmother passed the same year. The boy that I thought I was in love with dated my best friend. That best friend eventually moved to Oklahoma with her father and our relationship was never the same. I experienced many losses and it may have been these losses that triggered the onset of my depression.
As the depression overcame me, I distanced myself from the church. These events, combined with the turmoil that I had experienced in early childhood, caused me to question if there was a God at all. I had not given up completely on a higher power, but I did question it. I still prayed occasionally, but did not really expect any results. There were a few years, the darker years of my life, when I felt that I was completely alone. This ultimately made my depression worse as I distanced myself from the world around me too.
Free Essays from Bartleby | What is faith? Faith can be described in many ways, based on the belief someone has for God. The difficult part when wanting to. Free Essay: One argues that today we have a crisis of belief, not a crisis of faith. To explain this crisis, I will briefly examine the relationship between.
The loss of my faith caused me to make many poor decisions and engage in risky behaviors. It was toward the end of my teenage years that I started trying to pull myself from this darkness, realizing that I would not make it far in life if I continued allowing it to consume me. In scientific medical writing , the verb 'believe' can mean "actively accept as true" on the basis of external evidence for example, a statement of the type, "we believe that x is a better treatment than y in this disease" can imply that "after examining the available evidence, we have concluded that x is Religious belief refers to attitudes towards mythological , supernatural , or spiritual aspects of a religion.
Religious beliefs, deriving from ideas that are exclusive to religion, [ citation needed ] often relate to the existence, characteristics and worship of a deity or deities, to the idea of divine intervention in the universe and in human life , or to the deontological explanations for the values and practices centered on the teachings of a spiritual leader or of a spiritual group. In contrast to other belief systems , religious beliefs are usually codified.
A popular view holds that different religions each have identifiable and exclusive sets of beliefs or creeds , but surveys of religious belief have often found that the official doctrine and descriptions of the beliefs offered by religious authorities do not always agree with the privately held beliefs of those who identify as members of a particular religion. First self-applied as a term to the conservative doctrine outlined by anti-modernist Protestants in the United States,  "fundamentalism" in religious terms denotes strict adherence to an interpretation of scriptures that are generally associated with theologically conservative positions or traditional understandings of the text and are distrustful of innovative readings, new revelation, or alternative interpretations.
First used in the context of Early Christianity , the term "orthodoxy" relates to religious belief that closely follows the edicts, apologies , and hermeneutics of a prevailing religious authority. In the case of Early Christianity, this authority was the communion of bishops, and is often referred to by the term " Magisterium ". The term orthodox was applied [ when? The Eastern Orthodox Church of Christianity and the Catholic Church each consider themselves to be the true heir to Early Christian belief and practice.
The antonym of "orthodox" is " heterodox ", and those adhering to orthodoxy often accuse the heterodox of apostasy , schism , or heresy. The Renaissance and later the Enlightenment in Europe exhibited varying degrees of religious tolerance and intolerance towards new and old religious ideas. The philosophes took particular exception to many of the more fantastical claims of religions and directly challenged religious authority and the prevailing beliefs associated with the established churches.
In response to the liberalizing political and social movements, some religious groups attempted to integrate Enlightenment ideals of rationality, equality, and individual liberty into their belief systems, especially in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Reform Judaism and Liberal Christianity offer two examples of such religious associations. Adherents of particular religions deal with the differing doctrines and practices espoused by other religions or by other religious denominations in a variety of ways. People with exclusivist beliefs typically explain other beliefs either as in error, or as corruptions or counterfeits of the true faith. This approach is a fairly consistent feature among smaller new religious movements that often rely on doctrine that claims a unique revelation by the founders or leaders , and considers it a matter of faith that the "correct" religion has a monopoly on truth.
All three major Abrahamic monotheistic religions have passages in their holy scriptures that attest to the primacy of the scriptural testimony, and indeed monotheism itself is often [ quantify ] vouched [ by whom? Some exclusivist faiths incorporate a specific element of proselytization. This is a strongly-held belief in the Christian tradition which follows the doctrine of the Great Commission , and is less emphasized by the Islamic faith where the Quranic edict "There shall be no compulsion in religion" is often quoted as a justification for toleration of alternative beliefs.
The Jewish tradition does not actively seek out converts.
Exclusivism correlates with conservative, fundamentalist, and orthodox approaches of many religions, while pluralistic and syncretist approaches either explicitly downplay or reject the exclusivist tendencies within a religion. People with inclusivist beliefs recognize some truth in all faith systems , highlighting agreements and minimizing differences. This attitude is sometimes associated [ by whom?
Explicitly inclusivist religions include many that are associated with the New Age movement, as well as modern reinterpretations of Hinduism and Buddhism. People with pluralist beliefs make no distinction between faith systems, viewing each one as valid within a particular culture.
Examples include:. People with syncretistic views blend the views of a variety of different religions or traditional beliefs into a unique fusion which suits their particular experiences and contexts see eclecticism. Unitarian Universalism exemplifies a syncretistic faith. Psychologist James Alcock also summarizes a number of apparent benefits which reinforce religious belief.
These include prayer appearing to account for successful resolution of problems, "a bulwark against existential anxiety and fear of annihilation," an increased sense of control, companionship with one's deity, a source of self-significance, and group identity. An ideology is a set of mutually supportive beliefs. The beliefs of any such system can be religious , philosophical , political , ideological , or a combination of these. Philosopher Jonathan Glover says that beliefs are always part of a belief system, and that tenanted belief systems are difficult for the tenants to completely revise or reject.
A collective belief is referred to when people speak of what "we" believe when this is not simply elliptical for what "we all" believe.
Durkheim's discussion of collective belief, though suggestive, is relatively obscure. Philosopher Margaret Gilbert has offered a related account in terms of the joint commitment of a number of persons to accept a certain belief as a body. According to this account, individuals who together collectively believe something need not personally believe it themselves.
Gilbert's work on the topic has stimulated a developing literature among philosophers. One question that has arisen is whether and how philosophical accounts of belief in general need to be sensitive to the possibility of collective belief. Jonathan Glover believes that he and other philosophers ought to play some role in starting dialogues between people with deeply-held, opposing beliefs, especially if there is risk of violence.
Glover also believes that philosophy can offer insights about beliefs that would be relevant to such dialogue. Glover suggests that beliefs have to be considered holistically, and that no belief exists in isolation in the mind of the believer. Each belief always implicates and relates to other beliefs.
At that point, the patient has a great deal of flexibility in choosing what beliefs to keep or reject: the patient could believe that the doctor is incompetent, that the doctor's assistants made a mistake, that the patient's own body is unique in some unexpected way, that Western medicine is ineffective, or even that Western science is entirely unable to discover truths about ailments. Glover maintains that any person can continue to hold any belief if they would really like to  for example, with help from ad hoc hypotheses.
One belief can be held fixed, and other beliefs will be altered around it.
Glover warns that some beliefs may not be entirely explicitly believed for example, some people may not realize they have racist belief-systems adopted from their environment as a child. Glover believes that people tend to first realize that beliefs can change, and may be contingent on their upbringing, around age 12 or Glover emphasizes that beliefs are difficult to change. He says that one may try to rebuild one's beliefs on more secure foundations axioms , like building a new house, but warns that this may not be possible.
As Glover puts it: "Maybe the whole thing needs rebuilding, but inevitably at any point you have to keep enough of it intact to keep floating.